Language English Photo: Biodôme Photo: Biodôme Adult male Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing featuresThe American robin has a grey-brown back and a rusty orange breast. ReproductionThe nest is built of twigs and stems, cemented together with mud by the female. The female usually produces two clutches of 3 or 4 eggs per nesting season. DietAmerican robins feed mostly on earthworms and insects (larvae and adults) in the spring, but their diet gradually shifts toward fruit in the summer and fall. PredatorsTheir enemies are cats, blue jays, American crows and squirrels. HabitatAmerican robins prefer clearings near small lightly wooded areas. They nest and shelter in trees and feed in clearings. This explains why they are so common in residential areas, where they are attracted by certain features of the landscaping. Ecology, behaviourThe male selects the nesting area, while the female chooses the nesting site and builds the nest. The first nest is set in a conifer, because it is too early for the deciduous trees to have leaves. The second nest is built in a deciduous tree. American robins are very sensitive to the use of pesticides in urban areas and by fruit growers. They are less likely to frequent lawns to which insecticides have been applied. French nameMerle d'Amérique Scientific nameTurdus migratoriusPhylumChordataClassBirdsOrderPasseriformesFamilyTurdidaeSizeLength: 36.9 to 41.2 cmWeightAverage: 77.3 g (63.5 to 103.0)Life spanRecord: 13 years 11 monthsStatusLeast Concern (IUCN). Common species.