Language English Photo: Biodôme OngletsDescriptionDistinguishing featuresThe song sparrow's breast is marked with dark streaks that converge into a dark spot in the centre. In flight, this bird moves its tail up and down. The male and female are similar in appearance. ReproductionAlthough these birds are mostly monogamous, the male will sometimes mate with more than one female. The female generally lays 3 or 4 eggs. Incubation lasts 12 to 14 days and probably begins as the last egg is laid. Both parents care for the young hatchlings for 23 or 24 days. Two to four clutches are produced each year. DietSong sparrows are omnivorous, feeding mostly on seeds, berries and small worms that they find on the ground or in the lower branches of shrubs. During the reproduction period, the adults and young feed almost entirely on insects. PredatorsTheir enemies are diurnal and nocturnal raptors, as well as otters and lynx. HabitatSong sparrows live in open areas with bushy shrubbery, often close to water. They frequent habitats disturbed by humans. They are found in Alaska and Canada, and as far south as central Mexico. Ecology, behaviourThese adaptable, opportunistic sparrows are commonly found throughout North America. To sing, they require perches overlooking their territory, which they mark by singing from their lofty posts. Brown-headed cowbirds frequently lay their eggs in song sparrows' nests. French nameBruant chanteur Scientific nameMelospiza melodiaPhylumChordataClassBirdsOrderPasseriformesFamilyPasserellidésSizeLength: 15.3 to 17.7 cmWeightAverage weight of male: 21 g; average weight of female: 20.5 gLife spanRecord: 11 years 4 monthsStatusNesting and migratory bird in Québec. Least Concern (IUCN).