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  • Maianthemum canadense

    Wild lily-of-the-valley, Canada mayflower

    This small plant grows 5 to 15 cm tall. Its thin stem bears 2 or 3 smooth, elongated heart-shaped leaves. Its small (4 mm) white or cream-coloured flowers are arranged in a terminal cluster.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asparagaceae
  • Aralia nudicaulis

    Wild sarsaparilla

    This perennial plant has an underground stem, or rhizome, and stands 20 to 40 cm tall. The leafstalk and the rhizome rise directly from the soil.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araliaceae
  • Fragaria virginiana

    Wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry

    This plant grows 5 to 15 cm tall. Its leaves are divided into 3 toothed lobes and have a hairy stem. The small flowers are 1 cm across, with 5 white petals.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Rosaceae
  • Salix spp.

    Willow

    Shrubs and trees of all sizes, willows may grow up to 30 m tall. Some are even prostrate. With few exceptions, they all have alternate, single (some finely toothed), long, straight leaves.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Salicaceae
  • Betula alleghaniensis

    Yellow birch

    This large tree has a long, straight trunk and grows 15 to 33 m tall. Its bark, twigs, buds and leaves give off a strong wintergreen fragrance when crushed.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Betulaceae
  • Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacq.) Nichols

    Yellow ipê, golden trumpet tree

    This large tree grows 15 to 30 m tall. Its digitate leaves are composed of 5 to 7 leaflets. The leaflets are densely covered in a rusty stellate pubescence on the underside.

    Plant form
    Deciduous tree
    Family
    Bignoniaceae
  • Caltha palustris

    Yellow marsh marigold, marsh-marigold

    This fleshy 30 to 60 cm tall plant grows in colonies. It has a hollow stem. Its heart- or kidney-shaped leaves are round, toothed and shiny.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Ranunculaceae
  • Spondias purpurea L.

    Yellow mombin, jocote

    This small tree grows 5 to 15 m tall. Its bark peels off in strips. Older trees have long vertical fissures on their trunks. The alternate leaves have 5 to 12 pairs of leaflets 12 to 22 cm long.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Anacardiaceae
  • Solidago flexicaulis

    Zigzag-stemmed goldenrod

    This plant grows 30 to 100 cm tall. It is easy to distinguish from other goldenrods, with its zigzag stem and wide, oval leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)