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  • Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (syn. C. antillanum)

    Guanandi, Brazil beauty-leaf

    This canopy tree has a cylindrical trunk growing 10 to 30 m tall and 40 to 60 cm across.  Its crown covers a large area of forest (10 to 15 m wide).  Its dark yellowish bark is marked with a diamon

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Calophyllaceae
  • Paullinia cupana var. typica H.B.K. et var. sorbilis

    Guarana

    This climbing shrub also appears in the form of a vine that may grow up to 13 m long. It has thin branches marked with long ribs. A white latex appears if the bark is cut.

    Plant form
    Vine, climbing shrub
    Family
    Sapindaceae
  • Psidium guajava L.

    Guava

    This small tree grows 10 to 12 m tall. Its twisted, smooth trunk is made of hard wood and its greenish-brown bark peels off. The young branches are squarish.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Myrtaceae
  • Pachira aquatica Aubl.

    Guiana chestnut

    This medium-sized tree grows up to 25 m tall. Its cylindrical trunk is often swollen near the base.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Malvaceae
  • Costus guayanensis Rusby

    Guyana Costus, Giant Spiral Ginger

    This plant grows 2 to 4 m tall. Its straight stem is 2 to 5 cm in diameter. The leaves are 30 to 65 cm long.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Costacea
  • Polypodium aureum L. (Phlebodium aureum)

    Hare's foot fern, rabbit's foot fern

    The rhizome of this fern is covered in orangish or reddish-brown scales. Its leathery frond (or leaf) is 30 to 120 cm long and 18 to 50 cm wide. The leaf stalk is 10 to 40 cm long.

    Plant form
    Fern
    Family
    Polypodiaceae
  • Piper hispidum Sw.

    Jamaican pepper

    This shrub or small tree grows 3 to 6 m tall. Its leaves are 8 to 20 cm long. Its small flowers are bunched together in a single spike.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Piperaceae
  • Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

    Kapok tree

    This massive tree can grow 50 m tall. Its long, thin, greenish trunk has branches near the top. To stabilize its balance in shallow soil, the tree develops buttress roots.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Malvaceae
  • Ficus maxima P. Miller

    Maxima fig tree

    This large tree grows 7 to 25 m tall. Its branches in the crown are highly ramified and extended.

    Its simple, alternate leaves are 9 to 25 cm long.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Moraceae
  • Piper auritum

    Mexican pepperleaf

    This small tree grows 2.5 to 8 m tall. It may produce adventitious roots at its base. Its large oval to heart-shaped leaves are 20 to 40 cm long and give off an anise-like aroma when crushed.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Piperaceae
  • Sterculia mexicana

    Mexican sterculia

    This tree, with its well-developed buttress roots, can grow to nearly 40 m tall and over 1 m across.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Malvaceae
  • Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb.

    Nakedstem aechmea

    This plant appears in either epiphytic or terrestrial form. It has only a few, glaucous 49 cm long leaves, forming a dense tubular rosette. The leaves are leathery and have spiny margins.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous epiphytic plant
    Family
    Bromeliaceae