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  • Chamaedorea costaricana oerst.

    Costa Rican bamboo palm

    This palm grows in clumps, reaching 3 to 8 m. Each trunk is 2 to 8 cm across and bears from 4 to 6 long palm leaves, 1 to 2 m long, with 20 to 26 leaflets each. Its fruit is black.

    Plant form
    Palm
    Family
    Arecaceae
  • Ranunculus repens

    Creeping buttercup

    This plant is usually but not always covered in hairs. It may have almost none at all in some cases. It is creeping or climbing, forming large clumps. Its leaves are divided into three parts.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Ranunculaceae
  • Gaultheria procumbens

    Creeping wintergreen, Eastern teaberry

    This plant has underground rhizomatous stems that produce aerial shoots from 3 to 15 cm long. It has a limited number of leaves, growing at the tip of the stem.

    Plant form
    Broad-leaved shrub
    Family
    Ericaceae
  • Scirpus spp.

    Cyperus

    The stems of cyperus plants bear leaves or only sheaths at their base. The flowers are grouped in small single spikes or in spikes grouped in various ways.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous aquatic plant
    Family
    Cyperaceae
  • Dieffenbachia daguensis Engl.

    Dagua river dumb cane

    This approximately 1.2 m tall plant produces about ten large, leathery, oval leaves, borne on a fairly long stalk.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araceae
  • Tillandsia bulbosa Hook.

    Dancing bulb

    This stemless epiphytic plant forms dense colonies on trees. Its leaves are normally longer than its inflorescences and are covered in tiny, thin, red or green scales.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous epiphytic plant
    Family
    Bromeliaceae
  • Erythronium americanum

    Dog's tooth violet, trout lily

    This 18 to 30 cm tall plant grows from a bulb buried deeply (about 15 cm) in the soil. The two shiny leaves, set at the base of the plant, are longer than they are wide and marbled with brown.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Liliaceae
  • Solidago puberula

    Downy goldenrod

    This plant has a few fine, short, soft hairs. Its stem may grow 20 to 100 cm tall. The leaves at the base of the stem are blade-shaped. Those higher up the stem are more numerous and lance-shaped.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Amelanchier arborea (syn. A. canadensis)

    Downy serviceberry

    This low shrub, tall shrub or tree may grow 5 to 10 m tall. Its twisted trunk is covered in thin, smooth, greyish bark marked by vertical brown lines. It becomes rough with age.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Rosaceae
  • Dicentra cucullaria

    Dutchman's breeches

    This small 15 to 30 cm tall plant has a scaly bulb. Its thin, spreading and finely cut leaves are the same colour of green on both sides. They resemble carrot leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Fumariaceae
  • Chamaedaphne calyculata (anc. Cassandra calyculata)

    Dwarf cassandra, leather-leaf

    This shrub grows up to 1 m tall and forms rounded bushes. It has an erect, multi-branched stem. Its shiny, leathery, alternate leaves have very short, barely visible teeth on their upper parts.

    Plant form
    Broad-leaved shrub
    Family
    Ericaceae
  • Solidago juncea

    Early goldenrod

    All parts of this plant are smooth. Its stiff stem grows 50 to 120 cm tall. The veins on the leaves are arranged like the barbs on a feather.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)