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  • Tsuga canadensis

    Eastern hemlock, Canada hemlock

    This 19 to 25 m tall tree has flattened 1 to 2 cm long needles, each with a petiole, arranged in 2 ranks on the twig.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Ostrya virginiana

    Eastern hop-hornbeam, Ironwood

    This tree grows 7 to 12 m tall under suitable conditions. Its straight, narrow trunk is covered in greyish-brown bark, broken into narrow rectangular strips, loose at both ends.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Betulaceae
  • Larix laricina

    Eastern larch, tamarac

    This 15 to 22 m tall tree has pale green, flexible needles, 2 to 2.5 cm in length. They are spirally arranged along the branches, singly or in tufts of 10 to 20.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Thuja occidentalis

    Eastern white cedar, eastern arborvitae

    This 15 to 20 m tall tree has dark yellowish-green, scale-like leaves. They are pointed and borne in two ranks of opposite pairs, tight against the stem.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Cupressaceae
  • Pinus strobus

    Eastern white pine

    This 30 to 90 m tall tree is the tallest conifer in eastern Canada. It has 6 to 13 cm-long needles, in bundles of five. They are bluish-green, flexible and soft to the touch.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Dryopteris marginalis

    Evergreen shield-fern, wood-fern

    The leaves, or fronds, of this medium-sized fern (0.6 m) are bluish, and form crowns in rather sparse colonies.

    Plant form
    Fern
    Family
    Dryopteridaceae
  • Maianthemum racemosum (anc.: Smilacina racemosa)

    False Solomon's seal

    This plant grows from 30 to 75 cm tall. It has a zigzagging stalk at the tip of which is a flower head or cluster of fruit, depending on the season.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asparagaceae
  • Epilobium angustifolium

    Fireweed

    This large plant grows 1.5 to 2 m tall. Its stem is upright and branched above the mid-point. Its leaves are alternate, elongated and toothless.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Onagraceae
  • Flat-leaved vanilla

    Flat-leaved vanilla

    Flat-leaved vanilla is a species of climbing orchid native to the neotropics.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous climbing plant
    Family
    Orchidaceae
  • Doellingeria umbellata (syn. Aster unbellatus)

    Flat-topped white aster, umbellate aster

    The stem of this aster grows 30 to 250 cm tall and branches out near the top. The lance-shaped, fairly broad leaves are 10 to 15 cm long.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Compositae
  • Spathiphyllum friedrichsthalii Schott

    Friedrichsthal's peace lily

    This sturdy plant, without an obvious stem, grows over 1 m tall. Its leaf stalks are 30 to 60 cm long. Its leaves are 28 to 70 cm long and 7 to 22 cm wide.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araceae
  • Passiflora quadrangularis L.

    Giant granadilla

    This robust climbing plant grows to a height of 10 m. Its stems are squarish, and its tendrils allow it to cling to trees and shrubs.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous climbing plant
    Family
    Passifloraceae