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  • Epipactis helleborine

    Hellebore-like epipactis

    The stem of this plant grows 30 to 60 cm tall and is covered in fine, short hairs. The lower leaves are broad, while the ones higher up the stem are lance-shaped.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Orchidaceae
  • Medeola virginiana

    Indian cucumber-root

    This plant has a fleshy, white rhizome. Its stem is 30 to 90 cm tall. It bears whorls of leaves at two points on the stem. The pendant yellow flowers form just below the upper leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Liliaceae
  • Osmunda  claytoniana

    Interrupted fern, Clayton's fern

    This tall (1.25 m) fern forms dense but usually small colonies. Its fronds grow in crowns.

    Plant form
    Fern
    Family
    Osmundaceae
  • Pinus banksiana (Pinus divaricata)

    Jack pine

    This 10 to 20 m tall tree varies quite widely in form. Its pointed and slightly twisted needles are 2 to 5 cm long. They are a light yellowish-green, in bundles of two, and spread apart.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Arisaema triphyllum (anc.: Arisaema atroruben)

    Jack-in-the-pulpit

    This rhizomatous plant grows 20 to 100 cm tall and generally bears two leaves divided into 3 leaflets.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araceae
  • Piper hispidum Sw.

    Jamaican pepper

    This shrub or small tree grows 3 to 6 m tall. Its leaves are 8 to 20 cm long. Its small flowers are bunched together in a single spike.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Piperaceae
  • Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

    Kapok tree

    This massive tree can grow 50 m tall. Its long, thin, greenish trunk has branches near the top. To stabilize its balance in shallow soil, the tree develops buttress roots.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Malvaceae
  • Ledum groenlandicum

    Labrador tea

    This average-sized shrub (30 to 120 cm) can be recognized in spring by its clusters of white flowers borne at the end of the stems, which are very woolly.

    Plant form
    Broad-leaved shrub
    Family
    Ericaceae
  • Euthamia graminifolia (anc. Solidago graminifolia)

    Lance-leaved goldenrod

    The stem of this plant can reach 60 cm to 1.2 m tall and is usually ramified. The species is the only goldenrod whose rough, narrow leaves are edged with short, fine, soft hairs.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Uvularia grandiflora

    Large-flowered bellwort

    This yellowish-green plant grows up to 75 cm tall. Its stem is ramified near the top. It is also arched, giving the plant a wilted look.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Colchicaceae
  • Trillium grandiflorum

    Large-flowered trillium, white trillium

    This rhizomatous plant grows 20 to 45 cm tall. Its leaves and the different parts of its flower are grouped in threes. Its large, solitary flower is bright white. It turns pinkish with age.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Melanthiaceae
  • Eurybia macrophylla  (anc.Aster macrophyllus)

    Large-leaved aster, bigleaf aster

    The stem of this plant grows 60 to 100 cm tall. It has 3 or 4 large leaves at its base. They are thick and heart-shaped. They also form numerous sterile tufts.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)