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  • Scirpus spp.

    Cyperus

    The stems of cyperus plants bear leaves or only sheaths at their base. The flowers are grouped in small single spikes or in spikes grouped in various ways.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous aquatic plant
    Family
    Cyperaceae
  • Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pavon) Oken.

    Cypre, bocote

    This medium-sized tree grows 10 to 15 m tall, sometimes up to 40 m tall.

    Its simple, alternate leaves are 8 to 18 cm long and 3 to 8 cm wide.

    The flowers are grouped in panicles.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Boraginaceae
  • Dieffenbachia daguensis Engl.

    Dagua river dumb cane

    This approximately 1.2 m tall plant produces about ten large, leathery, oval leaves, borne on a fairly long stalk.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Araceae
  • Tillandsia bulbosa Hook.

    Dancing bulb

    This stemless epiphytic plant forms dense colonies on trees. Its leaves are normally longer than its inflorescences and are covered in tiny, thin, red or green scales.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous epiphytic plant
    Family
    Bromeliaceae
  • Erythronium americanum

    Dog's tooth violet, trout lily

    This 18 to 30 cm tall plant grows from a bulb buried deeply (about 15 cm) in the soil. The two shiny leaves, set at the base of the plant, are longer than they are wide and marbled with brown.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Liliaceae
  • Solidago puberula

    Downy goldenrod

    This plant has a few fine, short, soft hairs. Its stem may grow 20 to 100 cm tall. The leaves at the base of the stem are blade-shaped. Those higher up the stem are more numerous and lance-shaped.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Croton lechleri Muell.-Arg.

    Dragon's blood

    This species occurs in tree and shrub form. It has hairy branches. Its downy, fragrant leaves are wide, heart-shaped, oval and acuminate. The inflorescences, in clusters, hold unisexual flowers.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Euphorbiaceae
  • Dicentra cucullaria

    Dutchman's breeches

    This small 15 to 30 cm tall plant has a scaly bulb. Its thin, spreading and finely cut leaves are the same colour of green on both sides. They resemble carrot leaves.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Fumariaceae
  • Chamaedaphne calyculata (anc. Cassandra calyculata)

    Dwarf cassandra, leather-leaf

    This shrub grows up to 1 m tall and forms rounded bushes. It has an erect, multi-branched stem. Its shiny, leathery, alternate leaves have very short, barely visible teeth on their upper parts.

    Plant form
    Broad-leaved shrub
    Family
    Ericaceae
  • Solidago juncea

    Early goldenrod

    All parts of this plant are smooth. Its stiff stem grows 50 to 120 cm tall. The veins on the leaves are arranged like the barbs on a feather.

    Plant form
    Herbaceous terrestrial plant
    Family
    Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Tsuga canadensis

    Eastern hemlock, Canada hemlock

    This 19 to 25 m tall tree has flattened 1 to 2 cm long needles, each with a petiole, arranged in 2 ranks on the twig.

    Plant form
    Conifer
    Family
    Pinaceae
  • Ostrya virginiana

    Eastern hop-hornbeam, Ironwood

    This tree grows 7 to 12 m tall under suitable conditions. Its straight, narrow trunk is covered in greyish-brown bark, broken into narrow rectangular strips, loose at both ends.

    Plant form
    Broadleaf tree
    Family
    Betulaceae