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Snow flea

Hypogastrura nivicola

These dark blue springtails are 1 to 2 mm long. They have short antennae and two clusters of 16 tiny eyes each. They have no wings, but can move about on their six legs and by using a fork-shaped appendage called the furcula, located beneath the abdomen.



These tiny wingless arthropods are normally less than 3 mm long and have a specialized forked appendage, the furca or furcula, located beneath the abdomen. This is what enables them to spring into the air. It is either reduced or absent in several species. Another characteristic organ is the ventral tube, which serves to suck up liquids, adhere to smooth surfaces and breathe.

Springtails are divided into two groups according to their body shape, which is either elongated and segmented or globular and non-segmented. They come in a variety of colours.

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