Planets visible to the naked eye
Here's a look at the planets that will be observable with the naked eye in the coming days. Follow these guidelines to find out where and when to look for them.
From January 24 to February 7, 2022
Mercury passed through inferior conjunction (between Earth and the Sun) on January 23, and gradually reappears in the morning sky over the following days. From January 31 to February 27, the tiny planet will be visible at dawn, 45 minutes before sunrise, low in the east-southeast, to the lower left of dazzling Venus. 30 minutes after sunset. Mercury will be slightly brighter near the end of that visibility window, but then it will also be sinking back into the Sun’s glare.
Venus is the very bright Morning Star that’s visible in the southeast at the crack of dawn, an hour and a half before sunrise. Venus continues to pull away rapidly from the Sun’s glare, however, and emerges earlier and earlier before daybreak.
Mars reappears gradually in the morning sky. The Red Planet can be seen one and a half hours before sunrise, low in the southeast, a few degrees to the right of dazzling Venus. At dawn on January 29, the waning crescent Moon hangs 3½ degrees to the lower right of Mars.
Jupiter appears soon after sunset about 15 degrees high in the southwest. The bright Giant Planet sinks toward the west-southwest horizon where it vanishes around 7 p.m. With each passing day, the gap between Jupiter and the Sun is becoming smaller, and Jupiter appears lower and lower at nightfall. On February 2, the waxing crescent Moon hangs 4 ½ degrees to the lower left of Jupiter.
Saturn, very low in the west-southwest after sunset, is getting closer to the Sun with each passing evening; We’ll lose sight of it in the Sun’s glare during the last week of January. Saturn passes behind the Sun (conjunction) on February 4 and will reappear in the morning sky late in the month.